TEM is often used to obtain detailed images of the internal structures of cells. Images of Salmonella bacteria taken via light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Much more detail can be seen in the scanning electron micrograph. The resolution of a microscope or lens is the smallest distance by which two points can be separated and still be distinguished as separate objects. The smaller this value, the higher the resolving power of the microscope and the better the clarity and detail of the image.
Science & Society
Most of our volunteer opportunities are flexible, convenient, and take less than an hour a week. In addition, they looked at how removing rapid Arctic warming from the models would affect more pessimistic or optimistic scenarios. For example, in a more optimistic scenario, where emissions are cut sharply and net zero is reached shortly after 2050, Arctic amplification causes a seven-year difference in the time of passing 1.5°C. NASA’s newest space telescope, the James Webb Space Telescope, is peering at galaxies that were formed at the very beginning of the Big Bang, about 13.7 billion years ago.
Scientists estimate that dwarf planet Ceres consists of about 25 percent water ice, a fraction of which could be in the liquid state. Data from NASA’s Dawn mission could determine if Ceres hosts a subsurface ocean. Two comets, however, threw a curveball at scientists who had counted out comets as the source of Earth’s water. In 2010, researchers used the Herschel space telescope to measure the D/H ratio of comet 103P/Hartley 2. They reported that 103P’s water nearly matched that found on Earth.
The science checklist applied: Solving DNA’s double helix
Read more about Science here.
Interestingly, astrophysicists armed with powerful telescopes possess a unique form of time travel. As they peer into the vast expanse of the cosmos, they gaze into the past universe. Light from all galaxies and stars takes time to travel, and these beams of light carry information from the distant past. When astrophysicists observe a star or a galaxy through a telescope, they are not seeing it as it is in the present, but as it existed when the light began its journey to Earth millions to billions of years ago. People have yet to build spaceships that can move at speeds anywhere near as fast as light, but astronauts who visit the International Space Station orbit around the Earth at speeds close to 17,500 mph. Astronaut Scott Kelly has spent 520 days at the International Space Station, and as a result has aged a little more slowly than his twin brother – and fellow astronaut – Mark Kelly. Now, because Scott was traveling so much faster than Mark and for so many days, he is 6 minutes and 5 milliseconds younger.
This article originally appeared at The Daily Climate, the climate change news source published by Environmental Health Sciences, a non-profit media company. He remains the North American correspondent for Physics World, based in England, from which perspective he views the “weird and wonderful” American relationship with science.